PEACE AND SECURITY COUNCIL 310TH MEETING

Date | 14, February 2012Addis Ababa

COMMUNIQUÉ

The Peace and Security Council (PSC) of the African Union (AU), at its 310th Meeting, held on 13 February 2013, in Addis Ababa, adopted the following decision on the status of negotiations between the Republic of Sudan and the Republic of South Sudan on their post-secession relations:

Council:

1. Takes note of the Report of the Chairperson of the Commission on the status of the negotiations between the Republic of Sudan and the Republic of South Sudan on the pending aspects of their post-secession relations [PSC/PR/2.(CCCX)] introduced by the Commissioner for Peace and Security, as well as the briefings by the Chairperson of the AU High-Level Implementation Panel (AUHIP), former President Thabo Mbeki, and the UN Special Envoy Haile Menkerios. Council also takes note of the statements made by the representatives of the Government of the Republic of the Sudan and the Government of the Republic of South Sudan, as well as by the representations of the following organisations and countries: European Union, United Nations, Norway, United Kingdom and United States of America;

2. Commends the AUHIP and its members, former Presidents Thabo Mbeki, Abdulsalami Abubakar and Pierre Buyoya, as well their support team, for their tireless efforts in facilitating the negotiations between the Republic of Sudan and the Republic of South Sudan on their post-secession relations, and in supporting the achievement of lasting peace, security and stability in both states;

3. Notes the progress that has been made in the negotiations on certain outstanding matters relating to the relations between the two independent states. At the same time, Council notes that key issues remain outstanding. In this respect, Council reiterates that the leadership of Sudan and South Sudan hold the primary responsibility for resolving all outstanding issues, and calls on them to do so swiftly, in line with the agreed overriding principle of mutual viability;

4. Stresses AU’s deep concern at the unilateral actions taken by both states in regard to the issue of oil and petroleum matters. In this regard, Council appeals to both sides to remain committed to the negotiations on economic matters, with a view to reaching a fair agreement. Council reiterates its pressing call to the two Parties to refrain from any act and/or statement which would be likely to further undermine trust and confidence between them;

5. Commends the Parties for the adoption, during the extraordinary meeting of the Joint Political and Security Mechanism (JPSM), held in Addis Ababa, on 10 February 2012, of the Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) on Non-Aggression and Cooperation. Council also welcomes the decisions taken immediately to activate the Joint Border Verification and Monitoring Mission (JBVMM) and calls on the two states, working closely with the Force Commander of the United Nations Interim Security Force for Abyei (UNISFA), to begin deploying the JBVMM with immediate effect. Council expresses concern, even after the signing of the MoU, at the continued allegations and counter-allegations of incidents, bombardments and troop movements along the border, and expresses the hope that the launching of the mechanism provided for to handle such allegations and counter-allegations will address this issue;

6. Appeals to the President of the Republic of Sudan and the President of the Republic of South Sudan to take the lead in ensuring that all elements of the agreements reached are scrupulously and faithfully implemented without delay;

7. Notes with satisfaction that UNISFA is almost fully deployed in Abyei, and calls on the two states to complete the full withdrawal of all their forces from the area. Council expresses its appreciation to UNISFA and its Force Commander for their role in enhancing security in the Abyei Area, including creating conditions for the return of people displaced from the area in May 2011. Council calls on the international community to extend the required humanitarian assistance to the needy populations. Council also commends the Abyei Joint Oversight Committee (AJOC), including the AU representative, for its work in enhancing security and building confidence between the two states;

8. Expresses concern that the two states have not yet finalized matters relating to the demarcation of their border and the resolution of the disputed areas, given the potential that this issue can have in escalating tensions. In this regard, Council calls on the two Parties to finalize negotiations on this matter, with the help of the AUHIP and the AU Border Programme;

9. Council urges the two states to speedily conclude the ongoing discussions on nationality and related matters, with particular reference to the transition period agreed to, including its possible extension;

10. Welcomes the steps being taken by the Commission, in cooperation with the League of Arab States and the United Nations, to address the issue of humanitarian access in Blue Nile and South Kordofan, and requests the Parties, namely the Government of Sudan and the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement-North (SPLM-North), to speedily and positively respond to the proposals made jointly by the AU, the League of Arab States and the UN. Council requests the AUHIP to pursue the efforts initiated towards finding a political solution to the conflict in these two areas;

11. Calls on the international community, including the Security Council, to continue to extend full support to the AUHIP in its efforts to facilitate the resolution of the outstanding issues in the post-secession relations between the two countries, the promotion of peace, justice and reconciliation in Darfur, the resolution of the conflict in the two areas, and the promotion of democracy in both Sudan and South Sudan;

12. Requests the Chairperson of the Commission to submit to it, in due course, a progress report on the status of the negotiations;

13. Decides to remain actively seized of the matter.