Initiatives for ceasefire

16 April

SRSG Volker Perthes proposed for SAF and RSF leaders to agree for a temporary humanitarian pause in fighting on 16 April from 16:00-19:00. Ceasefire was not fully honoured by the two parties

17 April

The Trilateral Mechanism (AU-IGAD-UNITAMS) urged the two leaders to adhere to the humanitarian pause on 17 April. Ceasefire failed to hold.

19 April

The Trilateral Mechanism made another effort of brokering a 24-hour ceasefire to be effective from 6:00 PM 19 April but failed to hold.

20 April

  • The special ministerial session under the leadership of the Chairperson of the AU Commission, Moussa Faki Mahamat, called for Eid al-Fitr ceasefire.
  • Echoing this call, US Secretary of State and UN Secretary General urged the two parties for a three-day ceasefire from midnight 20 April to 23 April.
  • Fighting reportedly continued despite the leadership of SAF and RSF expressed intention to abide by the three-day Eid al-Fitr ceasefire.

24 April

US brokered another 72 hours nationwide ceasefire to be effective from 24-27 April. Although the 72 hours ceasefire was not fully observed, it paved the way for civilians to flee to safer places and for foreign nationals to be evacuated.

27 April

US and Saudi Arabia brokered the extension of the 72 hours ceasefire for additional three days. Despite that the warring parties agreed for the extension of the ceasefire, fighting reportedly continued during those days.

2 May

South Sudan President Salva Kiir announced that SAF and RSF leadership agreed ‘in principle’ for a seven-day truce from 4-11 May, but it was not observed.

11 May

SAF and RSF singed the Jeddah Declaration of Commitment to Protect Civilians of Sudan after days of Saudi Arabia and the US facilitated talks.  While the process gave diplomatic mileage to the two sides and destructed the international community, it has not changed the course of the conflict or the behavior of the actors.

20 May

Saudi Arabia and the US facilitated the signing of a seven-day Agreement on a Short-Term Ceasefire and Humanitarian Arrangements between SAF and RSF in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. Unlike the previous ones, the Agreement has a monitoring mechanism.

Saudi Arabia and the US observed that commitments under the Agreement ‘were not fully achieved’.

29 May

Saudi Arabia and the US facilitated the signing of five-day extension to the 20 May Agreement between SAF and RSF in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. Serious violations of the ceasefire extension were reported, resulting in the suspension of the Jeddah Talks on 1 June.

9 June

Saudi Arabia and the US brokered a 24-hour nationwide ceasefire beginning on 10 June. The facilitators noted reduced fighting during the ceasefire.

17 June

Saudi Arabia and the US announced the agreement of a 72-hour ceasefire across Sudan, effective starting from 18 June until June 21.

27 June

The leadership of the two warring parties announced a 24-hour unilateral ceasefires over the Eid al-Adha holiday. The ceasefire failed to hold as fighting reportedly continued during the holiday.

7 November

Joint Statement of Commitments from Jeddah Talks Between Sudanese Armed Forces and Rapid Support Forces.

10 December

Sudan's conflicting military leaders, General Abdel Fattah Al-Burhan and General Mohamed Hamdan Dagalo,agreed to the proposal by the IGAD Assembly, during its 41st extraordinary Summit, for an unconditional ceasefire, resolution of the conflict through political dialogue and holding of a one-to-one meeting.

1 January 2024

Sudanese civilian forces and RSF leader agree to seek peaceful resolution.