THE ROLE AND PLACE OF THE EXECUTIVE COUNCIL ON AU DECISION-MAKING PROCESSES

Special Reports

31 December 2023

INTRODUCTION

Launched in July 2002, with the vision of ‘an Integrated, Prosperous and Peaceful Africa, driven by its citizens and representing a dynamic force in the global arena’, the African Union (AU) aims to promote development, socio-economic advancement, peace and security, human rights and democracy, and regional integration. The AU is organized as an international organization that strives to execute and fulfil its mandate through policies and decisions that it adopts. In the landmark special research report on AU decision-making actors and processes, AU decisions and decision-making actors are classified into legislative, executive and judicial/quasi-judicial. One of the key policy and decision-making bodies of the AU is the Executive Council.

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THE ROLE OF CIVIL SOCIETY ORGANIZATIONS IN AFRICAN UNION'S DECISION-MAKING PROCESSES: AGENDA SETTERS, PARTICIPANTS, COLLABORATORS AND SHAPERS?

Special Reports

30 December 2023

INTRODUCTION

The African Union (AU) recognizes at its founding the ‘need to build a partnership between governments and all segments of civil society.’ Most significantly, one of the principles of the AU as enunciated in the Constitutive Act is ‘participation of African peoples in the activities of the Union.’ These provisions constitute the normative foundation for the role of civil society organizations (CSOs) in the decision-making processes of the AU. As noted in the Amani Africa, Mapping of AU Decision-Making Actors and Processes, Special Report of April 2023, decision-making “refers to the ‘how’ and ‘who’ of the adoption of policies, laws, resolutions, regulations, recommendations and guidelines.”

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MAPPING THE ROLES OF THE AFRICAN UNION COMMISSION IN THE DECISION-MAKING PROCESSES OF THE AFRICAN UNION

Special Reports

20 October 2023

INTRODUCTION

In 2022, Amani Africa Media and Research Services (Amani Africa) published a special research report providing an overview on the decision-making institutions of the African Union (AU). The special research report identified and typified AU decision-making actors and their respective roles and it outlined the decision-making processes of the AU. The report identified the need for Amani Africa to undertake further in-depth studies examining the attributes and roles of each of the AU’s key actors and how they fit into the AU’s decision-making processes. Such further studies would also explore the nuance between statutory functions and the actual practices of relevant actors.

This special research report builds on the above body of work by exploring how decision-making undertaken by one organ, the African Union Commission (AUC), influences the realisation of the goals and strategies of the AU. The report maps the roles of the AUC in the decision-making processes of the Union, drawing both from the AUC’s statutes as well as from practice.

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Beyond Subsidiarity: Understanding the Roles of the AU and RECs/RMs in Peace and Security in Africa

Special Reports

25 August 2023

INTRODUCTION

Over the years and most recently, various conflict/crisis situations including those in Chad, Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) and Niger have become flashpoints in the exercise of the respective roles entrusted to the African Union(AU) Peace and Security Council and Regional Economic Communities/Regional Mechanisms (RECs/RMs) for peace and security in their respective legal and policy instruments. While subsidiarity is the principle most invoked as the formula for governing the relationship between the PSC and RECs/RMs, not only what subsidiarity entails in terms of who does what and when remains unclear and contested leading to confusion and even policy paralysis in dealing with specific conflict situations but also such overuse of the term has obscured the fact that it is one among many principles and frameworks for governing the relationship between the AU and RECs/RMs.

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Seizing the New Momentum for UNSC Resolution on UN funding of AU Peace Operations

Special Reports

May 10, 2023

This special research report seeks to examine how the AU Consensus Paper and the Secretary-General’s report advance the consideration of the draft resolution in the UNSC, the issues that may still require further engagement and negotiated compromise, the next steps in the process for updating and presenting the draft resolution, and the role expected of various African policy actors for running smooth and effective show in the negotiation process.

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SAISIR LE NOUVEL ELAN POUR UNE RESOLUTION DU CSNU SUR LE FINANCEMENT DES OPERATIONS DE PAIX DE L'UA

Special Reports

10 Mai 2023

Il y a un nouvel élan pour la reprise des négociations sur une résolution-cadre du Conseil de sécurité des Nations unies (CSNU) sur le financement des opérations de soutien à la paix sous conduite de l’Union africaine (UA) et autorisées par le CSNU, quatre ans après l’échec de la dernière tentative d’obtenir une telle résolution en 2019. Suite à l’absence de consensus et de clarté autour des questions clés soulevées dans la résolution proposée et à la menace de veto des États-Unis d’Amérique sous l’administration Trump, le Conseil de paix et de sécurité (CPS) de l’UA à travers son président pour le mois de septembre 2019, le Maroc, a demandé aux 3 membres africains (A3) du CSNU de suspendre le processus de négociation du projet de résolution présenté par l’Afrique du Sud. Outre l’accusation selon laquelle la version de la résolution qui était à l’examen édulcore sérieusement la version du projet de résolution que les A3, menés par l’Ethiopie, ont mise en bleu en décembre 2018, les principales questions qui ont conduit à la décision du CPS de suspendre les négociations sont la divergence de vues sur la compréhension de l’engagement de l’UA de contribuer à hauteur de 25 % du budget des opérations de soutien à la paix et la division du travail entre le CPS et le CSNU, en particulier en ce qui concerne le degré d’autonomie de l’UA pour l’exercice d’un niveau de contrôle sur les opérations de soutien à la paix qu’elle déploie sous autorisation du CSNU.

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Review of the Integration and Implementation of IHL in African Union Policies and Activities

Special Reports

December 12, 2022

In Africa and the world at large, conflict continues to be a major driver of humanitarian crises and human suffering. As a research report published early in 2022 showed, the factors that account for this phenomenon include the increase in the number of conflicts and the expansion in the geographic spread of conflicts. In this context, the importance of norms that contribute to the regulation of conflicts and provide minimum standards to govern behaviour of belligerents cannot be overemphasised. While conflicts are unfortunately hard to completely avoid, International Humanitarian Law (IHL) provides rules and principles which enhance safeguards to minimise the destructive impacts of armed conflicts, particularly to civilians and civilian objects.

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The growing threat of terrorism in Africa: A product of misdiagnosis and faulty policy response?

Special Reports

May 25, 2022

On 28 May 2022, the African Union (AU) Assembly of Heads of State and Government, the supreme decision-making organ of the AU, will hold its 16th extraordinary session. The thematic focus of the extraordinary summit is on terrorism and unconstitutional changes of government. The summit is convened based on the AU Assembly February 2022 decision on the proposal of the Republic of Angola for the convening of ‘Extraordinary Summit on Terrorism and Unconstitutional Changes of Government in Africa’.

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LA MENACE CROISSANTE DU TERRORISME EN AFRIQUE : UN PRODUIT DE DIAGNOSTIC ERRONE ET DE REPONSE POLITIQUE DEFECTUEUSE ?

Special Reports

25 Mai 2022

Le 28 mai 2022, la Conférence des chefs d’État et de Gouvernement de l’Union africaine (UA), l’organe suprême de prise de décision de l’UA, tiendra sa 16ème Session extraordinaire. Le thème central du Sommet extraordinaire est le terrorisme et les changements anticonstitutionnels de gouvernement. Le sommet est convoqué sur la base de la décision de la Conférence de l’UA de février 2022 sur proposition de la République d’Angola de convoquer un “Sommet extraordinaire sur le terrorisme et les changements anticonstitutionnels de gouvernement en Afrique”.

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Mapping of AU decision-making actors and processes

Special Reports

April 28, 2022

2022 marks the 20th anniversary of the inauguration of the African Union (AU) as the continental organization taking over from its predecessor the Organization of African Unity (OAU). This is also the first year of the transition of the AU Commission (AUC) into its new structure under the process for the institutional reform of the AU that has been launched in 2017. During the two decades since its establishment, the AU has evolved not only in its institutional development but also in terms of its working arrangements and decision-making processes and practices. These evolutions and developments are not simply a product of the norms that set the mandate, power and functions of the AU but also importantly the practice of the AU in the implementation of its mandate and the exercise of the powers and functions entrusted to it based on the demands and needs of African states and the continent as a whole.

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