PEACE AND SECURITY COUNCIL 207TH AT THE LEVEL OF THE HEADS OF STATE AND GOVERNMENT

2009

Date | 29, OCTOBER 2009
ABUJA, NIGERIA

COMMUNIQUÉ

COMMUNIQUÉ OF THE 207TH MEETING OF THE PEACE AND SECURITY COUNCIL

The Peace and Security Council of the African Union (AU), at its 207th meeting held in Abuja, Nigeria, at the level of Heads of State and Government, on 29 October 2009, adopted the following decision on the situation in the Republic of Niger:

Council,

1. Takes  note  of  the  briefings  by  ECOWAS  and  the  AU  Commission  on  the  latest developments in the situation in Niger;

2. Endorses the decisions on the situation in Niger adopted by the Extraordinary Summit of the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) held in Abuja, on 17 October 2009, and commends the efforts deployed by ECOWAS towards finding a speedy and consensual solution to the crisis in Niger. Council also commends the initiatives taken by the Chairperson of the Commission to help resolve the crisis;

3. Requests the Chairperson of the Commission to intensify his efforts and to continue to work closely with ECOWAS to facilitate the speedy resolution of the crisis in Niger and the democratic functioning of the institutions of the country, with the participation and support of all political forces of Niger;

4. Further requests the Chairperson of the Commission to report to it, within a month, on developments in Niger and the outcome of his efforts and those of ECOWAS;

5. Decides to remain seized of the matter.


PEACE AND SECURITY COUNCIL 181ST MEETING

2009

Date | 20, March 2009
Addis Ababa

COMMUNIQUE OF THE 181st MEETING OF THE PEACE AND SECURITY COUNCIL

The Peace and Security Council (PSC) of the African Union (AU), at its 181st meeting held on 20 March 2009, adopted the following decision on the situation in Madagascar.

Council:

1. Recalls communiqués PSC/PR/COMM.(CLXXIX) and PSC/PR/COMM (CLXXX) adopted at its 179th and 180th meetings held on 16 and 17 March 2009, respectively;

2. Also recalls the communiqué of the Extraordinary Summit of the Troika of the Organ on Politics, Defense and Security Cooperation of the Southern African Development Community (SADC), held in Ezulwini, Swaziland, on 19 March 2009;

3. Notes that, following the resignation of President Marc Ravalomanana, under pressure from the civilian opposition and the armed forces, the transfer of power was made in violation of the relevant provisions of the Malagasy Constitution, and that the subsequent decisions to confer the Office of the President of the Republic to Mr Andry Rajoelina constitute an unconstitutional change of Government. Council strongly condemns this unconstitutional change of Government, which marks another serious setback in the ongoing democratization processes on the continent and reinforces the concern over the resurgence of the scourge of coups d’Etat in Africa, as expressed by the 12th Ordinary Session of the Assembly of the Union held in Addis Ababa from 1 to 4 February 2009;

4. Decides, in accordance with the Lomé Declaration on Unconstitutional Changes of Government and the Constitutive Act of the AU, to suspend Madagascar from participating in the activities of the AU until the restoration of constitutional order in this country. Council also expresses its determination to impose all the measures provided for by the Algiers Decision of July 1999, the Lomé Declaration of July 2000, the Constitutive Act of the AU and the Protocol Relating to the Establishment of the Peace and Security Council, including sanctions, on the perpetrators of the unconstitutional change and on all those who contribute to the maintenance of the illegal status quo , if constitutional order is not restored;

5. Calls upon all Member States of the AU and the international community at large to reject their unconstitutional change and to refrain from any action likely to comfort the illegal regime in Madagascar. Council requests the Chairperson of the Commission to work closely with SADC and all AU partners, notably the United Nations and its Security Council, the European Union and the International Organization of la Francophonie, to contribute to the rapid restoration of constitutional order, and to take all the initiatives he deems necessary to this effect;

6. Reiterates its request for all necessary measures to be taken to ensure the safety and dignity of President Marc Ravalomanana and his family, as well as those of his associates, respect for individual and collective freedoms, to prevent any act of violence or intimidation, and protect property;

7. Invites the Chairperson of the Commission, in accordance with decision Assembly/AU/Dec.220 (XII) adopted by the 12th Ordinary Session of the Assembly of the Union held in Addis Ababa from 1 to 4 February 2009, to present at the next Ordinary Session of the Assembly concrete recommendations to better prevent and punish unconstitutional changes of Government. Council requests the Chairperson of the Commission to submit to it an interim report on this issue;

8. Decides to remain seized of the matter.


PEACE AND SECURITY COUNCIL 191TH MEETING

2009

Date | 05 June, 2009

STATEMENT OF THE 191ST MEETING OF THE PEACE AND SECURITY COUNCIL

The Peace and Security Council of the African Union (AU), at its 191st meeting held on 5 June 2009, received a briefing from the Panel of the Wise, represented by Ambassador Salim Ahmed Salim, a member of the Panel, on the report of the Panel of the Wise on consolidating the role of the AU in the prevention, management and resolution of violent conflicts and election-related disputes in Africa.

Council commended the Panel of the Wise for having chosen as part of its thematic debate for the year 2008, to devote its work to dispute and violent conflicts related to elections. Council stressed that the report is a significant contribution of the Panel in the context of the implementation of the Decision Assembly / AU / Dec 187 (X), in which the 10th ordinary session of the Assembly, held from 31 January to 2 February 2008 in Addis Ababa, stressed the need to initiate a collective reflection on the challenges of election-related disputes and violent conflict that often characterize electoral processes in Africa to strengthen African capacities at the national, regional and continental levels to observe and monitor elections.

Council further re-affirmed its support to the Panel of the Wise in its pursuit of preventive diplomacy and good offices for the promotion of peace, security and stability in Africa.