PEACE AND SECURITY COUNCIL 310TH MEETING

2012

Date |14 FEBRUARY, 2012
ADDIS ABABA, ETHIOPIA

COMMUNIQUÉ

The Peace and Security Council (PSC) of the African Union (AU), at its 310th Meeting, held on 13 February 2013, in Addis Ababa, adopted the following decision on the status of negotiations between the Republic of Sudan and the Republic of South Sudan on their post-secession relations:

Council,

1. Takes note of the Report of the Chairperson of the Commission on the status of the negotiations between the Republic of Sudan and the Republic of South Sudan on the pending aspects of their post-secession relations [PSC/PR/2.(CCCX)] introduced by the Commissioner for Peace and Security, as well as the briefings by the Chairperson of the AU High-Level Implementation Panel (AUHIP), former President Thabo Mbeki, and the UN Special Envoy Haile Menkerios. Council also takes note of the statements made by the representatives of the Government of the Republic of the Sudan and the Government of the Republic of South Sudan, as well as by the representations of the following organisations and countries: European Union, United Nations, Norway, United Kingdom and United States of America;

2. Commends the AUHIP and its members, former Presidents Thabo Mbeki, Abdulsalami Abubakar and Pierre Buyoya, as well their support team, for their tireless efforts in facilitating the negotiations between the Republic of Sudan and the Republic of South Sudan on their post-secession relations, and in supporting the achievement of lasting peace, security and stability in both states;

3. Notes the progress that has been made in the negotiations on certain outstanding matters relating to the relations between the two independent states. At the same time, Council notes that key issues remain outstanding. In this respect, Council reiterates that the leadership of Sudan and South Sudan hold the primary responsibility for resolving all outstanding issues, and calls on them to do so swiftly, in line with the agreed overriding principle of mutual viability;

4. Stresses AU’s deep concern at the unilateral actions taken by both states in regard to the issue of oil and petroleum matters. In this regard, Council appeals to both sides to remain committed to the negotiations on economic matters, with a view to reaching a fair agreement. Council reiterates its pressing call to the two Parties to refrain from any act and/or statement which would be likely to further undermine trust and confidence between them;

5. Commends the Parties for the adoption, during the extraordinary meeting of the Joint Political and Security Mechanism (JPSM), held in Addis Ababa, on 10 February 2012, of the Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) on Non-Aggression and Cooperation. Council also welcomes the decisions taken immediately to activate the Joint Border Verification and Monitoring Mission (JBVMM) and calls on the two states, working closely with the Force


PEACE AND SECURITY COUNCIL 314TH MEETING AT MINISTERIAL LEVEL

2012

Date | 20, March 2012
Bamako, Mali

COMMUNIQUE

The Peace and Security Council of the African Union (AU), at its 314th meeting held at the ministerial level in Bamako, Mali, on 20 March 2012, adopted the following decision on the situation in the northern part of Mali:

Council,

1. Takes note of the report of the Chairperson of the Commission on the situation in the Sahel region, in particular the paragraphs on the situation in the northern part of Mali [PSC/MIN/3.(CCCXIV)];

2. Expresses its deep concern about the situation created by the attacks that the rebel elements of the Mouvement national pour la Libération de l’Azawad – MNLA (National Movement for the Liberation of Azawad) and other rebel groups, including major displacement of people within Mali and towards the neighboring countries. Council stresses the seriousness of the threats that this new crisis poses for peace, security and stability in Mali and in the region as a whole, particularly in view of the overall fragility of the situation, which is marked by the proliferation of all types of arms, terrorism and transnational organized crime;

3. Reaffirms the relevant provisions of decision Assembly/AU/Dec.408 (XVIII), adopted by the 18th Ordinary Session of the Assembly of the Union, held in Addis Ababa, on 29 and 30 January 2012, as well as those of the final communiqué of the 40th Ordinary Session of the Authority of Heads of State and Government of the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS). Council welcomes the press releases on the situation in the northern part of Mali issued by the Chairperson of the AU Commission, on 18 January and 12 March 2012, as well as by the President of the ECOWAS Commission, on 19 March 2012;

4. Further reaffirms its unwavering commitment to the respect of the national unity, territorial integrity and sovereignty of Mali and stresses the determination of the AU and its Member States to guard against their violation. Council expresses the solidarity of Africa with the people and Government of Mali, as well as its support to their efforts towards the speedy restoration of normalcy in the areas affected by the conflict;

5. Stresses the rejection by the AU of the recourse to armed rebellion in Mali, a country whose democratic institutions offer a framework for the expression of all legitimate claims and make it possible to find, through dialogue, solutions to the concerns of the different components of the Malian nation. Council underscores its conviction that recourse to armed rebellion poses a serious threat to the democratization process on the continent, as well as to Africa’s stability and development, and must, as such, be discouraged and strongly fought against. Council requests all AU partners to mark their support for the principled position of the AU and consequently promote a unified position of the entire international community on this matter;

6. Demands the immediate cessation of hostilities and urges the different rebel groups to commit themselves, without delay, to the search of a peaceful solution to the crisis within the strict framework of the AU principles, particularly the respect and preservation of the national unity, territorial integrity and sovereignty of Mali. Council expresses its appreciation to the Government of Mali for its affirmed readiness to work towards a peaceful and fair solution to the crisis;

7. Expresses its determination to actively support a mediation process spearheaded by the neighboring countries of Mali, particularly the core countries and especially Algeria, considering the crucial role this country has always played in the search for solutions to the situation, as well as by ECOWAS, and requests the Chairperson of the Commission to determine the modalities for the immediate implementation of such a mediation process and the promotion of the necessary synergies, to facilitate a peaceful settlement. Council also requests the Chairperson of the Commission to take all necessary steps for the mobilization by the AU of support from the rest of the continent and international community as a whole to this process, including through the establishment, under the aegis of the AU and the United Nations, of a support and follow-­‐up group comprising all the neighboring countries, the relevant Regional Economic Communities (ECOWAS and the Community of the Sahelo-­‐Saharan States – CEN-­‐SAD), as well as the international partners concerned;

8. Pays tribute to the neighboring countries of Mali, which, in spite of the effects of the food crisis faced by the Sahel, are hosting Malian refugees on their territories. Council encourages the host countries, in line with the guidelines of the AU and the UN High Commissioner for Refugees, to take the necessary steps to relocate the refugee camps away from the border areas. Council expresses its gratitude to the international community as a whole for the humanitarian assistance provided to the Malian population affected by the present crisis in the northern part of the country;

9. Requests the Chairperson of the Commission, in cooperation with the Government of Mali, ECOWAS, the neighboring countries and the United Nations, to take all the necessary measures for the organization, as soon as possible, of a round table of development partners on the modalities for enhancing and intensifying their support for Mali. Council also requests the Chairperson of the Commission to speedily convene an African Solidarity Conference in favor of Mali and the equitable development of the affected regions;

10. Requests the Chairperson of the Commission to submit to it quarterly reports on the developments of the situation and the follow up of the present communiqué, and decides to remain actively seized with the matter.


PEACE AND SECURITY COUNCIL 310TH MEETING

2012

Date | 14, February 2012
Addis Ababa

COMMUNIQUÉ

The Peace and Security Council (PSC) of the African Union (AU), at its 310th Meeting, held on 13 February 2013, in Addis Ababa, adopted the following decision on the status of negotiations between the Republic of Sudan and the Republic of South Sudan on their post-secession relations:

Council:

1. Takes note of the Report of the Chairperson of the Commission on the status of the negotiations between the Republic of Sudan and the Republic of South Sudan on the pending aspects of their post-secession relations [PSC/PR/2.(CCCX)] introduced by the Commissioner for Peace and Security, as well as the briefings by the Chairperson of the AU High-Level Implementation Panel (AUHIP), former President Thabo Mbeki, and the UN Special Envoy Haile Menkerios. Council also takes note of the statements made by the representatives of the Government of the Republic of the Sudan and the Government of the Republic of South Sudan, as well as by the representations of the following organisations and countries: European Union, United Nations, Norway, United Kingdom and United States of America;

2. Commends the AUHIP and its members, former Presidents Thabo Mbeki, Abdulsalami Abubakar and Pierre Buyoya, as well their support team, for their tireless efforts in facilitating the negotiations between the Republic of Sudan and the Republic of South Sudan on their post-secession relations, and in supporting the achievement of lasting peace, security and stability in both states;

3. Notes the progress that has been made in the negotiations on certain outstanding matters relating to the relations between the two independent states. At the same time, Council notes that key issues remain outstanding. In this respect, Council reiterates that the leadership of Sudan and South Sudan hold the primary responsibility for resolving all outstanding issues, and calls on them to do so swiftly, in line with the agreed overriding principle of mutual viability;

4. Stresses AU’s deep concern at the unilateral actions taken by both states in regard to the issue of oil and petroleum matters. In this regard, Council appeals to both sides to remain committed to the negotiations on economic matters, with a view to reaching a fair agreement. Council reiterates its pressing call to the two Parties to refrain from any act and/or statement which would be likely to further undermine trust and confidence between them;

5. Commends the Parties for the adoption, during the extraordinary meeting of the Joint Political and Security Mechanism (JPSM), held in Addis Ababa, on 10 February 2012, of the Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) on Non-Aggression and Cooperation. Council also welcomes the decisions taken immediately to activate the Joint Border Verification and Monitoring Mission (JBVMM) and calls on the two states, working closely with the Force Commander of the United Nations Interim Security Force for Abyei (UNISFA), to begin deploying the JBVMM with immediate effect. Council expresses concern, even after the signing of the MoU, at the continued allegations and counter-allegations of incidents, bombardments and troop movements along the border, and expresses the hope that the launching of the mechanism provided for to handle such allegations and counter-allegations will address this issue;

6. Appeals to the President of the Republic of Sudan and the President of the Republic of South Sudan to take the lead in ensuring that all elements of the agreements reached are scrupulously and faithfully implemented without delay;

7. Notes with satisfaction that UNISFA is almost fully deployed in Abyei, and calls on the two states to complete the full withdrawal of all their forces from the area. Council expresses its appreciation to UNISFA and its Force Commander for their role in enhancing security in the Abyei Area, including creating conditions for the return of people displaced from the area in May 2011. Council calls on the international community to extend the required humanitarian assistance to the needy populations. Council also commends the Abyei Joint Oversight Committee (AJOC), including the AU representative, for its work in enhancing security and building confidence between the two states;

8. Expresses concern that the two states have not yet finalized matters relating to the demarcation of their border and the resolution of the disputed areas, given the potential that this issue can have in escalating tensions. In this regard, Council calls on the two Parties to finalize negotiations on this matter, with the help of the AUHIP and the AU Border Programme;

9. Council urges the two states to speedily conclude the ongoing discussions on nationality and related matters, with particular reference to the transition period agreed to, including its possible extension;

10. Welcomes the steps being taken by the Commission, in cooperation with the League of Arab States and the United Nations, to address the issue of humanitarian access in Blue Nile and South Kordofan, and requests the Parties, namely the Government of Sudan and the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement-North (SPLM-North), to speedily and positively respond to the proposals made jointly by the AU, the League of Arab States and the UN. Council requests the AUHIP to pursue the efforts initiated towards finding a political solution to the conflict in these two areas;

11. Calls on the international community, including the Security Council, to continue to extend full support to the AUHIP in its efforts to facilitate the resolution of the outstanding issues in the post-secession relations between the two countries, the promotion of peace, justice and reconciliation in Darfur, the resolution of the conflict in the two areas, and the promotion of democracy in both Sudan and South Sudan;

12. Requests the Chairperson of the Commission to submit to it, in due course, a progress report on the status of the negotiations;

13. Decides to remain actively seized of the matter.


PEACE AND SECURITY COUNCIL 317th MEETING

2012

Date | 12 April, 2012

PRESS STATEMENT

The Peace and Security Council of the African Union (AU), at its 317th meeting held on 12 April 2012, was briefed by the Department of Political Affairs of the Commission on its activities related to election observation on the continent, in implementation of the recommendations of the Panel of the Wise, as contained in its report on election‐related conflicts and violence, adopted by the Assembly of the Union at its 13th Ordinary Session held in Sirte, from 1st to 3rd July 2009.

Council congratulated the people and the political leaders of Senegal on the successful organisation of thepresidential election on 26 February and 25 March 2012.

Council noted the peaceful conclusion of the parliamentary elections in Egypt, on 12 February 2012, as well as theholding of the first round of the presidential election in Guinea Bissau, on 10 March 2012. Council called on all stakeholders in Guinea Bissau to refrain from any action that may derail the process towards the holding of the second round, in a peaceful and transparent manner.Council took note of the parliamentary elections held in The Gambia, on 29 March 2012.

Counciltook note of the steps by the Commission to dispatch election observer missionsto Algeria and to Lesotho, on the occasions of their parliamentarian elections scheduled to take placeon 10 May and 26 May 2012, respectively.

Council reiterated the need for Member States that have not yet done so to take the necessary steps to ratify the African Charter on Democracy, Elections and Governance, which entered into force on 15 February 2012, and to comply scrupulously with all relevant AU instruments governing the holding of free, fair and transparent elections.