Date | 25, November 2014
Addis Ababa, Ethiopia


The Peace and Security Council of the African Union (AU), at its 469th meeting held on 25 November 2014, adopted the following decision on the threat posed by the Boko Haram terrorist group and on the efforts of the countries of the region within the framework of the Lake Chad Basin Commission (LCBC):


1. Takes note of the statement made by the Permanent Representative of Niger on behalf of the country chairing the LCBC, as well as of the statements made by the representatives of the other countries of the region, namely Cameroon, Chad, Nigeria and Benin, on the efforts being deployed to enhance the effectiveness of the fight against the Boko Haram terrorist group;

2. Recalls its earlier pronouncements on the activities of Boko Haram and the efforts to be undertaken to address the threat posed, including communiqué PSC/PR/COMM/2.(CDXXXVI) and the relevant provisions of communiqué PSC/AHG/COMM.(CDLV) adopted at its 436th and 455th meetings held on 23 May 2014 and 2 September 2014, respectively. Council also recalls the relevant provisions of Decision Assembly/AU/Dec.356(XXIII) adopted by the Assembly of the Union at its 23rd Ordinary Session, held in Malabo, Equatorial Guinea, from 27 to 28 June 2014;

3. Reiterates its strong condemnation of the abhorrent terrorist attacks, including against schools and universities, markets and places of worship, carried out by Boko Haram over the past few years, killing hundreds of people, wounding many others and leading to significant displacements of populations both within the affected areas in Nigeria and in the neighboring countries. Council further reiterates AU’s outrage at the cowardly kidnapping by Boko Haram, on 14 April 2014, of over 200 young girls from a school in the town of Chibok, in the Borno State, and whose fate remains unknown to-date;

4. Renews AU’s solidarity with Nigeria and the other countries directly affected by the activities of the Boko Haram terrorist group, and recommends to the 24th Ordinary Session of the Assembly of the Union scheduled to take place in Addis Ababa, in January 2015, to adopt a Declaration of Support to the countries of the LCBC region and Benin;

5. Stresses, once again, that the terrorist activities of Boko Haram pose a serious threat not only to Nigeria but also to the region and the continent as a whole, and as such call for collective African efforts, as part of the overall continent’s counter-terrorism agenda, as articulated in the relevant AU instruments and decisions of Council and other AU policy organs. In this respect, Council recalls that in its communiqué PSC/PR/COMM/2.(CDXXXVI), it welcomed the decision of the UN Security Council’s Al-Qaeda Sanctions Committee of 22 May 2014 that approved the addition of Boko Haram to its list of individuals and entities subject to the targeted financial sanctions as an effective tool towards eliminating the group and denying access to resources to carry out its criminal and terrorist activities;

6. Commends the Member States of the LCBC for their sustained efforts to enhance the effectiveness of the fight against the Boko Haram terrorist group. In this respect, Council welcomes the Final Communiqué of the LCBC Extraordinary Summit held in Niamey, Niger, on 7 October 2014, which decided to establish a Multinational Joint Task Force (MNJTF) in the Lake Chad Basin to coordinate the efforts to combat the Boko Haram terrorist group, including the establishment of the MNJTF Headquarters and the deployment by the LCBC Member States and Benin of the pledged contingents within their national borders. Council further welcomes the Final Conclusions of the ministerial meeting of the Member States of the LCBC and Benin, held in Abuja, Nigeria, on 13 October 2014;

7. Expresses its full support for the establishment and deployment of the MNJTF, which represents an appropriate framework for effectively neutralizing the Boko Haram terrorist group;

8. Stresses the need to spare no efforts in ensuring the early and full operationalization of the MNJTF. In this respect, Council requests the Commission to undertake urgent consultations with the LCBC Member States and Benin and to avail the necessary expertise, in order to identify and agree on the practical steps that could facilitate the early provision of the required international support, as requested by the ministerial meeting of 13 October 2014, namely: (i) the adoption by the UN Security Council of a resolution authorizing the Member States of the LCBC and Benin to deploy the MNJTF for an initial period of 12 months, (ii) the establishment by the UN Secretary-General of a Trust Fund for the sustenance of the MNJTF operations, and (iii) the mobilization of the necessary international financial and logistical support. In this respect, and consistent with paragraph 19 of communiqué PSC/AHG/COMM.(CDLV), Council encourages the Commission to expedite the dispatch of a team to the region to consider ways to support the efforts being deployed by the LCBC Member States and Benin;

9. Calls upon the UN Security Council and the larger international community to enhance support to the efforts of the Member States of the LCBC and Benin, including the provision of financial and logistical support to facilitate the full operationalization of the MNJTF;

10. Requests the Commission to submit to it, within one month, a report on the follow-up steps taken in pursuance of the present communiqué, in particular paragraph 8 above, to enable it take the necessary decisions;

11. Decides to remain actively seized of the matter.



Date | 18, November 2014
Addis Ababa, Ethiopia


The Peace and Security Council of the African Union (AU), at its 468th meeting held on 18 November 2014, adopted the following decision on the situation in Burkina Faso:


1. Takes note of the briefing by the Special Envoy of the Chairperson of the Commission for Burkina Faso and the additional information provided by the Commission, as well as of the statement made by the representative of Burkina Faso. Council also takes note of the Memorandum on the situation in Burkina Faso submitted by the President of the Commission of the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) and presented by Ghana, as Chair of ECOWAS, as well as of the statement made by the representative of the United Nations (UN);

2. Recalls communiqué PSC/PR/COMM.(CDLXV) adopted at its 465th meeting held on 3 November 2014, as well as the press release issued by the Chairperson of the Commission on 17 November 2014;

3. Expresses deep appreciation to the current Chairperson of the African Union, President Mohamed Ould Abel Aziz of Mauritania, as well as to Presidents Macky Sall of Senegal, Chair of the ECOWAS Contact Group on Burkina Faso, John Dramani Mahama of Ghana, current Chairman of ECOWAS, Goodluck Jonathan of Nigeria, and Faure Gnassingbe of Togo, for their sustained and timely efforts towards the establishment of a civilian-led transition in Burkina Faso, including the visits undertaken to Ouagadougou within the framework of communiqué PSC/PR/COMM.(CDLXV) and the principles underlying the African Peace and Security Architecture (APSA);

4. Reiterates its appreciation to the AU and ECOWAS Commissions, as well as to the UN Secretariat, for the joint missions conducted to Ouagadougou, comprising the AU Special Envoy for Burkina Faso, Edem Kodjo, the President of the ECOWAS Commission, Kadre Desire Ouedraogo, and the UN Special Representative for West Africa, Mohamed Ibn Chambas, as part of the overall efforts to facilitate the establishment of a civilian-led transition in Burkina Faso;

5. Welcomes the significant progress made in Burkina Faso towards the establishment of a civilian-led transition, in conformity with the aspirations of the people of Burkina Faso for the consolidation of democracy in their country. In this respect, Council notes with satisfaction :

(i) the restoration of the 1991 Constitution, on 15 November 2014;

(ii) the signing, on 16 November 2014, in Ouagadougou, by all the Burkinabe stakeholders, of the Transitional Charter, leading to the holding, within a maximum of one year, of free, fair and transparent elections; and

(iii) the appointment of a civilian, Mr. Michel Kafando, as Transitional President, on 17 November 2014, and looks forward to his swearing-in, on 18 November 2014, and to the transfer of power by the military, on 21 November 2014 ;

6. Recognizes that these measures are in line with the relevant provisions of communiqué PSC/PR/COMM.(CDLXV) and agrees, in anticipation of the transfer of power to the newly-designated Transitional President, scheduled to take place on 21 November 2014, not to take the measures that were envisaged in paragraphs 9 (iii) and 14 of communiqué PSC/PR/COMM.(CDLXV), including the suspension of the participation of Burkina Faso in the activities of the AU;

7. Expresses appreciation to all the Burkinabe stakeholders and people for their political maturity and sense of responsibility, as well as for placing the interest of their country above all other considerations. Council congratulates them for the achievements made so far;

8. Encourages the Burkinabe people to persevere in their efforts to ensure a civilian-led transition, through the appointment of civilian personalities to head the other transitional institutions, in accordance with their aspirations and communiqué PSC/PR/COMM. (CDLXV), as well as to further reconciliation among all the components of the society;

9. Reiterates the AU’s commitment, in close cooperation with ECOWAS and within the APSA framework, as well as with the UN, to continue to support the efforts of the Burkinabe stakeholders for the completion of the Transition within the agreed timeframe. Council calls on the larger international community to support these efforts and to mobilize the necessary support in favor of Burkina Faso;

10. Requests the Commission, jointly with ECOWAS and the UN, and building on the achievements of the joint missions undertaken to Burkina Faso, to establish an International Forum bringing together the neighboring countries and other regional stakeholders, as well as relevant international partners, to support the transition in Burkina Faso and facilitate the mobilization of the required support;

11. Agrees, in view of the lessons learnt from the management of the situation in Burkina Faso, on the need for renewed efforts towards conflict prevention, based on the relevant AU instruments and Council’s communiqués. Council underlines the imperative of the effective implementation of the African Charter on Democracy, Elections and Governance, and calls once again on all Member States that have not yet done so to take the necessary steps to sign and ratify this instrument;

12. Decides to remain actively seized of the matter.



Date | 17, September 2014
Addis Ababa, Ethiopia


The Peace and Security Council of the African Union (AU), at its 458th meeting held on 17 September 2014, had an exchange of views on recent political developments in Mozambique, on the basis of the briefing made by the Permanent Representative of the Republic of Mozambique to the AU.

Council welcomed the signing of the Agreement on Cessation of Hostilities between the Government of Mozambique and the Party of the Mozambique National Resistance (RENAMO), on 5 September 2014. Council commended the Mozambican stakeholders for the spirit of responsibility and compromise they demonstrated, which led to the conclusion of this Agreement.

Council underlined that this Agreement constitutes an important step towards the holding of the general elections scheduled for 15 October 2014, in the required conditions of peace and security. Council looks forward to the successful holding of these elections.

Council encouraged the signatory parties to spare no efforts to implement their commitments faithfully. In this regard, Council welcomed the commitment made by both parties to continue the dialogue, in order to find appropriate solutions to the outstanding issues.

Council stressed the need for all the Mozambican actors to work towards strengthening national unity and to persevere in their efforts to complete the process of national reconciliation in the country. Council welcomed the passing, by the Parliament of Mozambique, on 12 August 2014, of an Amnesty Law with respect to the crimes committed during the period of hostilities.

Council expressed AU’s appreciation to President Armando Emilio Guebuza and to the Government of Mozambique for the commitment and determination with which they are working towards the consolidation of the remarkable progress recorded by Mozambique in recent years in the areas of peace and development.