PEACE AND SECURITY COUNCIL 469TH MEETING

2014

Date | 25, November 2014
Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

COMMUNIQUÉ

The Peace and Security Council of the African Union (AU), at its 469th meeting held on 25 November 2014, adopted the following decision on the threat posed by the Boko Haram terrorist group and on the efforts of the countries of the region within the framework of the Lake Chad Basin Commission (LCBC):

Council:

1. Takes note of the statement made by the Permanent Representative of Niger on behalf of the country chairing the LCBC, as well as of the statements made by the representatives of the other countries of the region, namely Cameroon, Chad, Nigeria and Benin, on the efforts being deployed to enhance the effectiveness of the fight against the Boko Haram terrorist group;

2. Recalls its earlier pronouncements on the activities of Boko Haram and the efforts to be undertaken to address the threat posed, including communiqué PSC/PR/COMM/2.(CDXXXVI) and the relevant provisions of communiqué PSC/AHG/COMM.(CDLV) adopted at its 436th and 455th meetings held on 23 May 2014 and 2 September 2014, respectively. Council also recalls the relevant provisions of Decision Assembly/AU/Dec.356(XXIII) adopted by the Assembly of the Union at its 23rd Ordinary Session, held in Malabo, Equatorial Guinea, from 27 to 28 June 2014;

3. Reiterates its strong condemnation of the abhorrent terrorist attacks, including against schools and universities, markets and places of worship, carried out by Boko Haram over the past few years, killing hundreds of people, wounding many others and leading to significant displacements of populations both within the affected areas in Nigeria and in the neighboring countries. Council further reiterates AU’s outrage at the cowardly kidnapping by Boko Haram, on 14 April 2014, of over 200 young girls from a school in the town of Chibok, in the Borno State, and whose fate remains unknown to-date;

4. Renews AU’s solidarity with Nigeria and the other countries directly affected by the activities of the Boko Haram terrorist group, and recommends to the 24th Ordinary Session of the Assembly of the Union scheduled to take place in Addis Ababa, in January 2015, to adopt a Declaration of Support to the countries of the LCBC region and Benin;

5. Stresses, once again, that the terrorist activities of Boko Haram pose a serious threat not only to Nigeria but also to the region and the continent as a whole, and as such call for collective African efforts, as part of the overall continent’s counter-terrorism agenda, as articulated in the relevant AU instruments and decisions of Council and other AU policy organs. In this respect, Council recalls that in its communiqué PSC/PR/COMM/2.(CDXXXVI), it welcomed the decision of the UN Security Council’s Al-Qaeda Sanctions Committee of 22 May 2014 that approved the addition of Boko Haram to its list of individuals and entities subject to the targeted financial sanctions as an effective tool towards eliminating the group and denying access to resources to carry out its criminal and terrorist activities;

6. Commends the Member States of the LCBC for their sustained efforts to enhance the effectiveness of the fight against the Boko Haram terrorist group. In this respect, Council welcomes the Final Communiqué of the LCBC Extraordinary Summit held in Niamey, Niger, on 7 October 2014, which decided to establish a Multinational Joint Task Force (MNJTF) in the Lake Chad Basin to coordinate the efforts to combat the Boko Haram terrorist group, including the establishment of the MNJTF Headquarters and the deployment by the LCBC Member States and Benin of the pledged contingents within their national borders. Council further welcomes the Final Conclusions of the ministerial meeting of the Member States of the LCBC and Benin, held in Abuja, Nigeria, on 13 October 2014;

7. Expresses its full support for the establishment and deployment of the MNJTF, which represents an appropriate framework for effectively neutralizing the Boko Haram terrorist group;

8. Stresses the need to spare no efforts in ensuring the early and full operationalization of the MNJTF. In this respect, Council requests the Commission to undertake urgent consultations with the LCBC Member States and Benin and to avail the necessary expertise, in order to identify and agree on the practical steps that could facilitate the early provision of the required international support, as requested by the ministerial meeting of 13 October 2014, namely: (i) the adoption by the UN Security Council of a resolution authorizing the Member States of the LCBC and Benin to deploy the MNJTF for an initial period of 12 months, (ii) the establishment by the UN Secretary-General of a Trust Fund for the sustenance of the MNJTF operations, and (iii) the mobilization of the necessary international financial and logistical support. In this respect, and consistent with paragraph 19 of communiqué PSC/AHG/COMM.(CDLV), Council encourages the Commission to expedite the dispatch of a team to the region to consider ways to support the efforts being deployed by the LCBC Member States and Benin;

9. Calls upon the UN Security Council and the larger international community to enhance support to the efforts of the Member States of the LCBC and Benin, including the provision of financial and logistical support to facilitate the full operationalization of the MNJTF;

10. Requests the Commission to submit to it, within one month, a report on the follow-up steps taken in pursuance of the present communiqué, in particular paragraph 8 above, to enable it take the necessary decisions;

11. Decides to remain actively seized of the matter.


PEACE AND SECURITY COUNCIL 468TH MEETING

2014

Date | 18, November 2014
Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

COMMUNIQUÉ

The Peace and Security Council of the African Union (AU), at its 468th meeting held on 18 November 2014, adopted the following decision on the situation in Burkina Faso:

Council,

1. Takes note of the briefing by the Special Envoy of the Chairperson of the Commission for Burkina Faso and the additional information provided by the Commission, as well as of the statement made by the representative of Burkina Faso. Council also takes note of the Memorandum on the situation in Burkina Faso submitted by the President of the Commission of the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) and presented by Ghana, as Chair of ECOWAS, as well as of the statement made by the representative of the United Nations (UN);

2. Recalls communiqué PSC/PR/COMM.(CDLXV) adopted at its 465th meeting held on 3 November 2014, as well as the press release issued by the Chairperson of the Commission on 17 November 2014;

3. Expresses deep appreciation to the current Chairperson of the African Union, President Mohamed Ould Abel Aziz of Mauritania, as well as to Presidents Macky Sall of Senegal, Chair of the ECOWAS Contact Group on Burkina Faso, John Dramani Mahama of Ghana, current Chairman of ECOWAS, Goodluck Jonathan of Nigeria, and Faure Gnassingbe of Togo, for their sustained and timely efforts towards the establishment of a civilian-led transition in Burkina Faso, including the visits undertaken to Ouagadougou within the framework of communiqué PSC/PR/COMM.(CDLXV) and the principles underlying the African Peace and Security Architecture (APSA);

4. Reiterates its appreciation to the AU and ECOWAS Commissions, as well as to the UN Secretariat, for the joint missions conducted to Ouagadougou, comprising the AU Special Envoy for Burkina Faso, Edem Kodjo, the President of the ECOWAS Commission, Kadre Desire Ouedraogo, and the UN Special Representative for West Africa, Mohamed Ibn Chambas, as part of the overall efforts to facilitate the establishment of a civilian-led transition in Burkina Faso;

5. Welcomes the significant progress made in Burkina Faso towards the establishment of a civilian-led transition, in conformity with the aspirations of the people of Burkina Faso for the consolidation of democracy in their country. In this respect, Council notes with satisfaction :

(i) the restoration of the 1991 Constitution, on 15 November 2014;

(ii) the signing, on 16 November 2014, in Ouagadougou, by all the Burkinabe stakeholders, of the Transitional Charter, leading to the holding, within a maximum of one year, of free, fair and transparent elections; and

(iii) the appointment of a civilian, Mr. Michel Kafando, as Transitional President, on 17 November 2014, and looks forward to his swearing-in, on 18 November 2014, and to the transfer of power by the military, on 21 November 2014 ;

6. Recognizes that these measures are in line with the relevant provisions of communiqué PSC/PR/COMM.(CDLXV) and agrees, in anticipation of the transfer of power to the newly-designated Transitional President, scheduled to take place on 21 November 2014, not to take the measures that were envisaged in paragraphs 9 (iii) and 14 of communiqué PSC/PR/COMM.(CDLXV), including the suspension of the participation of Burkina Faso in the activities of the AU;

7. Expresses appreciation to all the Burkinabe stakeholders and people for their political maturity and sense of responsibility, as well as for placing the interest of their country above all other considerations. Council congratulates them for the achievements made so far;

8. Encourages the Burkinabe people to persevere in their efforts to ensure a civilian-led transition, through the appointment of civilian personalities to head the other transitional institutions, in accordance with their aspirations and communiqué PSC/PR/COMM. (CDLXV), as well as to further reconciliation among all the components of the society;

9. Reiterates the AU’s commitment, in close cooperation with ECOWAS and within the APSA framework, as well as with the UN, to continue to support the efforts of the Burkinabe stakeholders for the completion of the Transition within the agreed timeframe. Council calls on the larger international community to support these efforts and to mobilize the necessary support in favor of Burkina Faso;

10. Requests the Commission, jointly with ECOWAS and the UN, and building on the achievements of the joint missions undertaken to Burkina Faso, to establish an International Forum bringing together the neighboring countries and other regional stakeholders, as well as relevant international partners, to support the transition in Burkina Faso and facilitate the mobilization of the required support;

11. Agrees, in view of the lessons learnt from the management of the situation in Burkina Faso, on the need for renewed efforts towards conflict prevention, based on the relevant AU instruments and Council’s communiqués. Council underlines the imperative of the effective implementation of the African Charter on Democracy, Elections and Governance, and calls once again on all Member States that have not yet done so to take the necessary steps to sign and ratify this instrument;

12. Decides to remain actively seized of the matter.


COUNCIL FOR PEACE AND SECURITY 458TH MEETING

2014

Date | 17, September 2014
Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

PRESS STATEMENT

The Peace and Security Council of the African Union (AU), at its 458th meeting held on 17 September 2014, had an exchange of views on recent political developments in Mozambique, on the basis of the briefing made by the Permanent Representative of the Republic of Mozambique to the AU.

Council welcomed the signing of the Agreement on Cessation of Hostilities between the Government of Mozambique and the Party of the Mozambique National Resistance (RENAMO), on 5 September 2014. Council commended the Mozambican stakeholders for the spirit of responsibility and compromise they demonstrated, which led to the conclusion of this Agreement.

Council underlined that this Agreement constitutes an important step towards the holding of the general elections scheduled for 15 October 2014, in the required conditions of peace and security. Council looks forward to the successful holding of these elections.

Council encouraged the signatory parties to spare no efforts to implement their commitments faithfully. In this regard, Council welcomed the commitment made by both parties to continue the dialogue, in order to find appropriate solutions to the outstanding issues.

Council stressed the need for all the Mozambican actors to work towards strengthening national unity and to persevere in their efforts to complete the process of national reconciliation in the country. Council welcomed the passing, by the Parliament of Mozambique, on 12 August 2014, of an Amnesty Law with respect to the crimes committed during the period of hostilities.

Council expressed AU’s appreciation to President Armando Emilio Guebuza and to the Government of Mozambique for the commitment and determination with which they are working towards the consolidation of the remarkable progress recorded by Mozambique in recent years in the areas of peace and development.


PEACE AND SECURITY COUNCIL 418TH MEETING

2014

Date | 14 February, 2014

COMMUNIQUE

The Peace and Security Council of the African Union (AU), at its 418th meeting held on 11 February 2014, was briefed by the Commission on the Conclusions of the High-Level Seminar on Peace and Security in Africa, held at the ministerial level, in Algiers, from 8 to 10 December 2013, with a view to Assisting Incoming African Members on the UN Security Council in Preparing to Address Peace and Security Issues on the Continent and adopted the following decision:

Council,

1. Welcomes the Report of the High Level Seminar. In this regard, Council underlines the need for effective articulation and promotion of Africa’s views within the United Nations Security Council on peace and security issues of interest and concern to the continent and its people;

2. Commends the Government of Algeria for launching this initiative and welcomes with appreciation Algeria’s offer to host the second High-Level Seminar, to be held in Algiers towards the end of 2014;

3. Endorses the elements of the outcome of the High-Level Seminar and requests AU Member States and relevant AU Policy Organs to consider them for effective implementation in advancement of the African Peace and Security Architecture;

4. Requests the Commission, working closely with the African members of the UN Security Council (A3) and other concerned actors, to take all necessary steps to start the immediate implementation of the outcome of the High–Level Seminar. In particular, Council requests the Commission to take immediate steps to strengthen its capacity to manage peace and security issues in the UN Security Council processes as called for in the Conclusions. Council further requests the Commission to develop a matrix, with timeframe, for the implementation of the action-oriented recommendations as contained in the Conclusions of the High Level Seminar;

5. Further requests the Chairperson of the Commission to transmit this communiqué, together with the Report of the High Level Seminar, to the Secretary-General of the United Nations for onward transmission to Security Council Members for their information;

6. Decides to remain seized of the matter.


PEACE AND SECURITY COUNCIL 476th MEETING

2014

Date | 16 December, 2014

PRESS STATEMENT

The Peace and Security Council of the African Union (AU), at its 476th meeting held on 16 December 2014, devoted an Open Session to the theme: “Sources of Instability in Africa: Root Causes and Responses: Focusing on the issue of Women, Peace and Security’’. Statements were made during the session by AU Member States, bilateral and multilateral partners and international organizations/institutions, as well as by civil society organisations (CSOs) and women’s organizations.

Council took note of the presentations made by Ms. Bineta Diop, the Special Envoy of the Chairperson of the Commission on Women, Peace and Security, the AU Department of Political Affairs and statements made by AU Member States, bilateral and multilateral partners and international organization/institutions, as well as by CSOs and women’s organizations.

Council recalled its earlier communiqués and press statements relating to the issue of women and children in conflict situations and the UN Security Council resolution 1325.
Council and Participants welcomed the presentations made by the representatives of the CSOs and women’s organizations and emphasized the important role these organizations and other non-state actors play in advancing the agenda on women, peace and security in Africa.

Council and Participants reiterated the fact that a focus on women in peace and security processes brings into sharp focus the wider human security dimensions of the AU Peace and Security Agenda, as articulated in the Solemn Declaration on a Common African Defense and Security Policy (CADSP), adopted by the 2nd Extraordinary Session of the Assembly of the Union, held on 28 February 2004, to the extent that conflict in Africa cannot be delinked from the challenges of reducing poverty and promoting health, development and education, especially as the AU celebrated, in May 2013, its OAU/AU 50th Anniversary of tackling these very challenges.

Council and Participants recognized the growing evidence that increasing the participation of women in peace processes and other critical sectors greatly enhance conflict prevention and resolution, post-conflict rehabilitation processes and responses to the needs of women and the population at large. In this regard, Council and Participants stressed the need to seize every opportunity to mainstream gender into the African peace and security agenda, increase the representation of women in decision-making processes and promote women’s empowerment in the economic sector.

Council and Participants took note of the ongoing efforts of the Commission and the Special Envoy of the Chairperson of the Commission on Women, Peace and Security, in bringing the issue of women and children at the center of its work with a view to developing strategies at the continental, regional and national levels, to facilitate monitoring of the situation of women and children in conflict situations. Council further commended the Special Envoy of the Chairperson on Women, Peace and Security for the efforts she is deploying, including her recent visits to the Central African Republic, Nigeria, Somalia and South Sudan, with a view to improving the participation of women in mediation and promotion of peace, political processes, conflict prevention and encouraged her to regularly brief Council on her activities, including through open sessions.
Council and Participants acknowledged the resilience and the leadership of women in the Saharawi Arab Republic in the context of the Saharawi people’s struggle for self- determination.

Council urged the AU Commission, through the coordination of the Office of the Special Envoy on Women, Peace and Security to formulate a Continental Results Framework to monitor the implementation by AU Member States and other relevant stakeholders of the various instruments and other commitments on women, peace and security in Africa.

Council and Participants recalled paragraph 17 of Assembly Decision Assembly/AU/Dec.501 (XXII), which declared 2014-2024 as the Madiba Nelson Mandela Decade of Reconciliation in Africa and, in this regard, stressed the importance of bringing and engaging women in the national reconciliation process in nation-building, conflict resolution, as well as the promotion of national healing and justice as a pre-requisites for realising a Conflict-Free Africa by the Year 2020.

Council and Participants recognized the responsibility of AU Member States for ensuring the protection of women and children in situations where they are threatened or affected by violence, in line with relevant AU and international instruments. Council and Participants further recognized the fact that, whilst the necessary instruments for the protection of women and children in armed conflict and for the promotion of their rights exist, the pace of their implementation is deplorably slow. Council accordingly, called all stakeholders concerned to fully implement them in the promotion of the rights of women and children in conflict situations.

Council and Participants strongly condemned the use of sexual violence as a weapon of war and emphasized the need to fight impunity in cases of sexual violence, rape, abduction, forced marriages and other forms of gender-based violence in situations of conflict and stressed the need to hold perpetrators of these acts accountable. Council further urged all stakeholders to provide necessary assistance and support to all victims of these violations across Africa.

Council noted the progress made by the AU Member States on the ratification and implementation of the AU instruments related to the protection of the rights of women and children in conflict situations and urged all AU Member States that have not yet done so to sign and ratify, without any further delay, the relevant AU instruments, notably the Protocol to the African Charter on Human and Peoples’ Rights on the Rights of Women in Africa, the African Charter on the Rights and Welfare of the Child (1999) and the Convention for the Protection and Assistance of Internally Displaced Persons in Africa (2009), as well as other relevant international instruments.


PEACE AND SECURITY COUNCIL 420TH MEETING

2014

Date | 14 February, 2014

PRESS STATEMENT

The Peace and Security Council (PSC) of the African Union (AU), at its 420th meeting held on 18 February 2014, in Addis Ababa, devoted a session to a consultation with the African Committee of Experts on the Rights and Welfare of the Child (ACERWC), in its capacity as an Organ of the AU.

The meeting was held pursuant to the Executive Council Decision EX.CL/Dec.712 (XXI) that was adopted in June 2012, at its 21st Ordinary Session, held in Addis Ababa, in which the Executive Council requested the PSC to take into account the rights of the child in its agenda and cooperate actively with the ACERWC, in its efforts aimed at promoting the welfare of children in Africa.

Council emphasized the need for the ACERWC to champion initiatives at national, regional and continental levels, to bring more awareness on children’s rights and welfare to various stakeholders.

Council welcomed the call for an institutionalized collaboration between itself and the ACERWC in engaging AU Member States to take necessary measures and initiatives to ensure the protection of the rights of children in armed conflicts. Council required the authorities of the affected countries to facilitate reporting on incidence of recruiting and use of children in conflict situations to the ACERWC; in accordance with the UN Resolution 1216 (2005) centering on monitoring and reporting mechanism on the use of child soldiers. In this regard, Council stressed the need for authorities in affected countries to take measures against those found recruiting and using children in armed conflicts, and urged the ACERWC to come out with modalities for ensuring monitoring and receipt of reports of cases of recruitments and use of children in armed conflict.

Council discussed the possibility of institutionalizing its interactions with the ACERWC within the framework of Article 19 of the Protocol Relating to the Establishment of the Peace and Security Council of the African Union, which provides for close cooperation between the Council and the African Commission on Human and Peoples’ Rights (ACHPR). Council further discussed the opportunity for the ACERWC to extend its interaction to national, as well as regional level, to enhance its cooperation from the grassroots.

Council also agreed to look into the possibility of organizing a high‐level meeting devoted to peace, security and children’s rights and welfare in Africa, as well as the need to devise appropriate mechanisms through which the Secretariats of the two Organs can institutionalize their collaboration and further strengthen their engagement in favor of children.

Council agreed to hold, each year, an open session of the PSC, devoted to issues of children on the continent.

Council called all AU Member States, who have not yet done so, to sign and ratify the African Charter on the Rights and Welfare of the Child (ACRWC).


PEACE AND SECURITY COUNCIL 476th MEETING

2014

Date | 16 December, 2014

PRESS STATEMENT

The Peace and Security Council of the African Union (AU), at its 476th meeting held on 16 December 2014, devoted the second part of its Open Session to the theme: “Sources of Instability in Africa: Root Causes and Responses: Focusing on the issue of Income Inequalities and Illicit Financial Flows”. Statements were made during the session by AU Member States, bilateral and multilateral partners and international organizations/institutions, as well as by civil society organisations (CSOs) and women’s organizations.

Council took note of the presentation made by the AU Department of Economic Affairs and the statements made by the AU Member States, bilateral and multilateral partners and international organizations/institutions, as well as by CSOs, including Oxfam.

Council and Participants underlined the importance of building social cohesion as a condition for development. A cohesive society is one in which citizens have trust in their State Institutions and public domain and where individuals can seize opportunities for realizing their potential improving their own well-being and the well-being of their children. It is a society where individuals feel protected when facing illness, unemployment or old age.

Council and Participants expressed deep concern over the increasing trend of the rise in inequality across the social strata within the continent. In this context, Council deplored the fact that, each year, the continent loses over 50 billion USD through illicit financial outflows from Africa due to weak accountability systems, tax dodging and evasion, corruption and other malpractices.

Council stressed the need for Africa and involved stakeholders to implement existing AU and international instruments to track and return illegally transferred assets and to put additional mechanisms in areas of need. In this respect, Council called for greater legal cooperation at national, regional and international level. Furthermore, Council underscored the need for transparency and cooperation on the part of those entities, public or private, providing safe havens for assets stolen from Africa.

Council and Participants called on AU Member States and non-state actors, in particular women and youth groups to build synergies in combating the scourge of illicit financial outflows from Africa, which factor is feeding into the spiral of instability in various parts of the continent.

Council and Participants noted the current efforts of the AU Commission, the African Development Bank (AfDB) and the United Nations Economic Commissions for Africa (UNECA) in developing a coordinated African position on the key elements of Illicit Financial Flows and commended African governments and Regional Economic Communities and Regional Mechanisms for Conflict Prevention, Management and esolution(RECs/RMs) to adopt measures to tackle the domestic and cross-border movement of illicit financial flows from corruption and other sources in order to guarantee appropriate use of domestic resources to ensure Africa’s prosperity in peace and stability, as well as achieve the continental transformative Agenda 2063 during the next decade.

Council and Participants emphasized the need for African countries to continuously diversify into higher value-added sectors in agriculture, industry and services in order to spread the benefits of growth by insuring equal opportunities for all the segments of the population mainly for women and youth. Unlocking the continent’s great potential— and increasing its chances of reaping a demographic dividend—inclusive growth will bring peace and prosperity by expanding the economic base across the barriers of age, gender and geography.

Council noted with serious concern the issue of women and youth unemployment and urged AU Member States and other stakeholders to take appropriate measures to address this problem as part of conflict prevention efforts, including through the provision of support for women and youth entrepreneurship.
Council and Participants stressed the importance for Africa to become a more integrated continent where goods, services and people move across countries and regions— creating larger markets, increasing companies’ competitiveness and expanding intra-African trade opportunities. In this regard, Council and Participants recognized the need to foster cooperation within trans-boundary basins which makes resource utilisation more efficient and support growth, peace and stability.

Council called and encouraged AU Member State, who have not done so, to sign, ratify and implement the United Nations Convention against Corruption (UNCAC) and the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime (UNTOC) to ensure effective legal frameworks for asset recovery at national, regional and continental level.


PEACE AND SECURITY COUNCIL 430TH MEETING

2014

Date | 24 April, 2014

PRESS STATEMENT

The Peace and Security Council (PSC) of the African Union (AU), at its 430th meeting, held an open session, on 24 April 2014, devoted to the theme: “Silencing the Guns: Pre-requisites for Realising a Conflict-Free Africa by the Year 2020”. Statements were made by AU Member States, non-African countries, bilateral and multilateral partners and international organization/institutions, as well as by civil society organisations (CSOs).

Participants and Council agreed on the need for rapid, appropriate and courageous response to early warnings on potential outbreaks of violent conflicts. In this context, they called for the further strengthening of all existing preventive diplomacy tools, including the Panel of the Wise and the Continental Early Warning System and to ensure quick response when the need arises. Participants underscored the importance of the African Peace and Security Architecture (APSA) and called for its full operationalization, particularly the African Standby Force and its Rapid Deployment Capability.

Participants and Council acknowledged the primary responsibility of the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) in maintaining international peace and security and stressed the need for enhancing the strategic partnership between the AU PSC and the UNSC. They also emphasized the importance of the partnership between Africa and the international community in effectively addressing both current and emerging threats to peace and security on the continent. They nonetheless, stressed the primary responsibility of AU Member States in protecting their citizens and ensuring stability.

Participants and Council also emphasized the obligations of individuals and non-state actors to uphold the culture of peace and tolerance, as well as to refrain from actions that undermine peace and stability on the continent.

Participants and Council stressed the need for the identification and neutralisation of the root causes of violent conflicts. They called for common understanding, definition of, and response to, the root causes of violent conflicts so as to build consensus on the solutions required to comprehensively and effectively address them.

The importance of good governance, respect for human rights, popular participation and inclusivity was recognized. In this regard, there was a strong call for AU Member States to deepen the culture of democracy, accountability and good governance on the continent. Furthermore, they called on AU Member States that are yet to sign, ratify and domesticate existing AU legal frameworks and normative instruments, to do so, with a view to promoting durable peace and stability.

As a foundation for durable peace and stability, Member States were urged to redouble their efforts in economic development, ensure the well-being of their people and comprehensively address the problem of youth unemployment on the continent.

Participants urged Member States to strengthen their regulatory mechanisms on the exploitation and management of natural resources and to ensure that the proceeds from these resources are utilized in meeting the basic needs of their people, with a view to promoting equitable development and distribution of benefits.

There was a strong call for Council to be more engaged and to make efforts to make regular visits to conflict and post-conflict areas. Council welcomed the suggestion and agreed to include such visits in its Annual Programme of Work.

Participants called for greater synergies within the AU Commission and among AU Member States. They stressed the need for greater engagement and collaboration with CSOs and the African academia, within the context of the Livingstone Formula, taking into account the Conclusions of the Maseru PSC Retreat of February 2014.

Participants recalled paragraph 17 of Assembly Decision Assembly/AU/Dec.501 (XXII), which declared 2014-2024 as the Madiba Nelson Mandela Decade of Reconciliation in Africa and, in this regard, stressed the importance of national reconciliation in nation-building, conflict resolution, as well as promotion of national healing and justice.

Participants and Council called for practical measures to effectively address the illicit proliferation of small arms, light weapons and other types of weaponry, including the need for universal signature and ratification of the Arms Trade Treaty. They called for the naming and shaming of suppliers, financiers, facilitators, transit points and recipients of illicit weapons, with a view to stemming the phenomenon of the illicit proliferation of these weapons.

Council requested the Commission to undertake a comprehensive study on the flow of illicit weapons into and within Africa and submit to it the outcome of such a study.

Council agreed on the urgent need for the elaboration of a Roadmap, to be submitted, for consideration by the Assembly, to underpin the actions necessary for the attainment of the goal of a conflict-free Africa by 2020, and called on all stakeholders to contribute to this process. Council requested the Commission to prepare the elements of a Roadmap for its consideration.

Council agreed to remain seized of the matter.


PEACE AND SECURITY COUNCIL 477TH MEETING

2014

Date | 18 December, 2014

COMMUNIQUE

The Peace and Security Council (PSC) of the African Union (AU) at its 477th meeting held on 18 December 2014, considered the issue of partnership between Council, other AU Organs, the Regional Economic Communities (RECs) and Regional Mechanisms for Conflict Prevention, Management and Resolution (RMs) and adopted the following decision:

Council,

1. TakesnoteofthebriefingprovidedbytheCommissionandthestatementsmadeby the representatives of the following RECs and RMs, namely the Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA), the Economic Community of Central African States (ECCAS) and the North African Regional Capability (NARC), as well as by the President of the African Court on Human and People’s Rights;

2. Underscores the importance of building more collaboration and synergy between the PSC and all stakeholders, particularly other AU Organs and the RECs/RMs in the promotion of peace, security and stability in Africa as envisaged in the PSC Protocol. In this context, Council stressed the need to uphold the principles of subsidiarity and comparative advantage in a way that strengthens the efforts of Africa to achieve durable peace and sustainable development;

3. Calls upon the Commission to prepare a report, which includes an analysis of the Conclusions of the 10th AU-RECs-RMs Senior Officials meeting held in Cairo, Egypt on 20 – 21 November 2014, on how more effectively the PSC can involve the RECs/RMs in its work in the promotion of peace and security on the continent;

4. Calls on the other AU Organs and the RECs/RMs in their interactions with the Council, to submit through the AU Commission, reports on their activities in the area of peace and security;

5. Requests the Commission to accelerate the ongoing assessment of the implementation of the African Peace and Security Architecture and submit a report to Council to this effect;

6. Urges all those member States that have not yet done so, to sign and ratify (a) the Protocol to the African Charter on Human and People’s Rights on the Establishment of an African Court on Human and People’s Rights, and (b) all other relevant instruments relating to Organs of the Union in order to enhance respect for human rights and contribute to the promotion of peace, security and stability in Africa;

7. Decides to hold a meeting with other AU Organs and the RECs/RMs in 2015, to exchange views, inter alia, on working methods for enhancing collaboration among all relevant stakeholders in the promotion of peace, security and stability in Africa.

8. Decides to remain seized of the matter.